PENENTU KEEFEKTIFAN KREDIT USAHATANI: KASUS KELOMPOK IBU-IBU PENGAJIAN SEBAGAI PENGELOLA

Penulis

  • Jajat Sudrajat Jurusan Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Tanjungpura Pontianak http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5970-8498
  • Siti Sawerah Jurusan Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Tanjungpura Pontianak
  • Nia Permatasari Jurusan Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Tanjungpura Pontianak

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24034/j25485024.y2022.v6.i3.4820

Kata Kunci:

kredit mikro, modal sosial, modal spiritual, kelompok ibu-ibu pengajian

Abstrak

Memahami beberapa faktor yang menentukan keefektifan kredit adalah aspek penting sebagai bahan rujukan bagi pengembangan kredit mikro, khususnya dalam pembiayaan usahatani yang diketahui sangat rumit. Studi ini bertujuan menganalisis faktor-faktor penentu keefektifan kredit usahatani yang diselenggarakan melalui suatu skema khusus oleh kelompok ibu-ibu pengajian. Skema kredit khusus tersebut menekankan pada peran aktif perempuan sebagai pengelola dan penerima kredit. Untuk mencapai tujuan penelitian digunakan metode studi kasus-kualitatif. Data untuk analisisnya bersumber dari hasil kaji tindak di dua lembaga keuangan mikro (LKM)- An-Nur dan Nurul Hidayah, di Kecamatan Rasau Jaya, Kabupaten Kubu Raya, Provinsi Kalimantan Barat. Hasilnya mengindikasikan bahwa beberapa faktor yang menjadi penentu keefektifan penyaluran kredit untuk petani, setidaknya akan meliputi empat aspek. Pertama, diterapkannya aspek mekanisme kredit yang sesuai dengan kondisi petani. Kedua, hadirnya dimensi modal spiritual dan modal sosial dari pengelola LKM yang kemudian berimplikasi pada tumbuhnya kepercayaan para petani. Ketiga, berfungsinya aspek pengawasan kredit yang berakar dari tingginya frekuensi pertemuan kelompok ibu-ibu pengajian dalam komunitas. Keempat, adanya stabilitas pendapatan petani sepanjang tahun sebagai implikasi dari usahatani sayuran yang merupakan sumber nafkah utama dari para petaninya.

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2022-09-22

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