KREDIBILITAS BANK SENTRAL DAN PERSISTENSI INFLASI DI INDONESIA

Penulis

  • Rachman Hakim Universitas Madura
  • Munawar Ismail Universitas Brawijaya Malang
  • Arif Hoetoro Universitas Brawijaya Malang

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24034/j25485024.y2013.v17.i2.157

Kata Kunci:

Kredibilitas, persistensi inflasi

Abstrak

Hubungan kredibilitas bank sentral dan persistensi inflasi masih menjadi kontroversi, padahal kepastian hubungan ini sangat penting untuk merumuskan kebijakan anti inflasi yang tepat. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengukur tingkat persistensi inflasi dan menguji dampak kredibilitas bank sentral terhadap persistensi inflasi di Indonesia sejak penerapan inflation targeting framework dengan menggunakan model New Keynesian Phillips Curve Hybrid. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa persistensi inflasi pada periode Full-Fledged Inflation Targeting (2006:1-2012:3) lebih rendah jika dibandingkan dengan periode Inflation Targeting Lite (2000:1-2005:4). Sementara itu, kredibilitas bank sentral berpengaruh secara signifikan terhadap persistensi inflasi pada saat Indonesia menerapkan Full-Fledged Inflation Targeting, sedangkan pada saat Indonesia masih menerapkan Inflation Targeting Lite, kredibilitas bank sentral tidak berpengaruh terhadap persistensi inflasi. Ini menunjukkan bahwa perilaku inflasi di Indonesia masih bersifat backward looking pada masa penerapan Inflation Targeting Lite dan berubah menjadi forward looking setelah mengadopsi Full-Fledged Inflation Targeting. Perubahan ini ada kaitannya dengan meningkatnya kredibilitas bank sentral pada periode Full-Fledged Inflation Targeting.

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